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Citizenship Application

Did you know that in 2019, a total of 250,367 permanent residents became Canadian citizens?

To become a Canadian citizen, you must first obtain permanent resident status and have spent at least 1,095 days (three years) in Canada during the five years before the date you sign your citizenship application.

Understanding Citizenship Applications

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • Be a permanent resident

  • Have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years

  • Be up to date on your income tax filings (if required)

  • Pass a citizenship test

  • Prove your language skills in either English or French

There are additional or different requirements if you are:

  • Applying for a minor (under age 18)

  • A Canadian applying for your adopted child born outside Canada

  • A current or former Canadian Armed Forces member applying under the fast-track process

  • A past Canadian citizen who want your Canadian citizenship back


You may not be eligible to become a Canadian Citizen for a certain period of time if:

  • You committed a crime in or outside Canada

  • The time you spent in prison, on parole, or on probation does not count toward the number of years you have lived in Canada.

Permanent Resident Status

If you want to apply for citizenship, you must be a permanent resident in Canada, regardless of your age. 


This means you must not:

  • Be under review for immigration or fraud reasons

  • Be asked to leave Canada by Canadian officials (removal order) 

  • Have unfulfilled conditions relating to your PR status, such as: medical examination

To speak with a Canadian immigration lawyer about a Citizenship Application book your consultation today.

The explanations and information provided herein are only general explanations, information and samples. You should not rely on this article as legal advice or as recommendations regarding what you should actually do. We recommend that you seek legal advice to help you understand and to assist you in the creation of your privacy policy.

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