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It is a serious crime to lie, or to send false information or documents to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This is viewed as fraud and known as misrepresentation.

If you lie on an application or in an interview with an IRCC officer, this is also fraud. It’s a crime.

Understanding Misrepresentation

What is misrepresentation?

  • Section 40 of IRPA defines misrepresentation as: “directly or indirectly misrepresenting or withholding material facts relating to a relevant matter that induces or could induce an error in the administration of this Act.” 

  • Falsifying information or documentation is viewed as misrepresentation.

  • Examples of misrepresentation include:​​

    • Fail to declare that you have been refused a visa for another country

    • Provide a non-genuine document

    • Fail to mention a family member

    • Declare employment experience which you do not have or

    • Engage in a non-genuine marriage


Consequences of misrepresentation

Misrepresentation is a serious crime, and entails heavy penalties:

  • Refuse/deny your application

  • Prohibit you from entering Canada for a minimum of 5 years

  • Set a permanent record of fraud with the IRCC

  • Revoke legal status

  • Lay criminal charges

  • Remove you from Canada

To speak with a Canadian immigration lawyer about Misrepresentation book your consultation today.

The explanations and information provided herein are only general explanations, information and samples. You should not rely on this article as legal advice or as recommendations regarding what you should actually do. We recommend that you seek legal advice to help you understand and to assist you in the creation of your privacy policy.

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